Viðgelmir

(Borgarbyggð - IS)
64.750400,-20.802000
Longueur 1585m Profondeur 39m
Grottocenter / carte

Location

Víðgelmir is a lava tube situated in the Hallmundarhraun lava field (formed around 900 CE) in west Iceland, around 2 km. southeast from Fljótstunga[1] farm in Hvítársíða, BorgarfjörðurArticle en anglais de l'encyclopédie collaborative Wikipedia, au 24 novembre 2015 à 13:05 : en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=V%C3%AD%C3%B0ge…. BTH - 09/01/2016

Description

Description sommaire (en anglais)

BTH - 09/01/2016

The roof of the lava tube has collapsed, creating two large openings near its north end which are the only known entrances. Víðgelmir is 1585m long and the largest part of the cave passage is 15.8m high and 16.5m wide, making it by far the largest of its kind in Iceland. The cave has a wide entrance but narrows down in some places. An iron gate was installed at the first constriction in 1991 to preserve those of the delicate lava formations or speleothems which haven't already been destroyed. Evidence of human habitation, probably dating to the Viking Age, has been discovered in the cave and is preserved in the National Museum of Iceland. Long stretches of the cave floor are very rough and shouldn't be navigated without a guide. Access and guided tours are provided at nearby FljótstungaArticle en anglais de l'encyclopédie collaborative Wikipedia, au 24 novembre 2015 à 13:05 : en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=V%C3%AD%C3%B0ge….

Documents

Bibliography 16/08/2010

Cavités proche

Distance (km)NomLongueur (m)Profondeur (m)
5.4Surtshellir197037
207.5Grjótagjá Cave50
1601.3Grønligrotta4200107
1632.8Korallgrottan7000180
1664.2Råggejávrrerájgge580
1763.0Hål I Berget
2807.6Marcenjas (Sima)3125100
2807.6Tham Sam Mit - CT0014500
2807.6Tham Soong - LO0044305